Wednesday, September 8, 2010

security.

The first serious consideration of finger-printing began in 1856 in Bengal, when William Herschel started examining the possibility of palm-prints for identification purposes. The first police usage of fingerprinting was done in Argentina in 1891 by a Croatian social scientist who had emigrated there. The first systematic development of a kind of codex of the classification and transmission of classificatory understandings of fingerprinting technologies happened again in Bengal, in 1893, when two police officers of the Calcutta police developed a mathematical analysis for differentiating fingerprints, and then a telegraphic code to transmit this information. In the middle of the 1880s, a Scottish missionary called Henry Falls developed fingerprint analysis in Japanese leper colonies.


Retinal scans, iris scans, were invented by a German anatomist called Gustav Frisch, who in 1904 went around the world collecting eyes. He collected irises from recent corpses. He visited the Andaman Islands, a great zone for the harvesting of bodily information in the nineteenth century, and in 1904, collected 56 irises across 16 racial categories, from the penal settlement.

In India today they are installing monkey-resistant electronic cameras for surveillance.

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